Design and Technology
Advanced Features of
The Room - Part 1
1. Click Layout | Page Setup and check that the page size of your new drawing is A4, that the orientation is Portrait and that the units are millimeters. If the units are inches, then change them to millimeters.
2. Click View | Grid and Ruler Set-up…, choose Spacing and set the grid width to 10 mms. in both directions. Click OK.
3. Select View | Snap to Grid. When drawing, this will cause the current point to “jump” to the grid points.
4. Select View | Grid to display the grid.
Draw the Door
5. Draw the walls of the room using the rectangle tool - start at the bottom left–hand corner at (20,20). The lines should automatically snap to the nearest grid points.
6. Draw a line at 45 degrees for the door, start of the line (x=20, y=150). Make the length of the line 60 mm.
7. To thicken the line, click on the down arrow next to the box on the Property bar with Hairline in it, and select a width that is about 3 mms or 8 points.
8. Select the Ellipse tool, move near to point A and then press and hold both the Control and Shift keys. . Drag out the circle until the diameter is 100 mm. Do not release the two keys before releasing the mouse button. The circle may be drawn 3 mm thick — if so change the width back to a hairline.
9. For the following few steps it may be easier to zoom in to the door to a level of about 200%, using the Zoom and Hand tools.
11. Click the View menu item. If there is no check by Snap to Objects then click on it
12. Select the circle. There is a very small circle (called a node) visible on the circumference, either at the top or at the bottom of the circle.
13. Click the Shape tool. As you move nearer the node on the circle, the cursor changes to indicate it has found a node. Drag the point back to the line at B, keeping the cursor on the outside of the arc.
14. Click the other end of the arc and drag back to the point C, again keeping the cursor on the outside of the arc.
15. Select the line representing the door and trim the line to the node at B.
to the full view by choosing To Page or To Fit.
16. Using the Rectangle tool, draw two adjoining rectangles for the desk. (See measurements on the drawing)
17. Click Window | Dockers | Shaping to add the Shaping window to the Docker area. We want to weld the rectangles so change from Trim to Weld
18. Click on the first rectangle, then choose Weld To and then click on the second rectangle. This will make a single object of the shape required for the desk.
19. Choose Window | Dockers | Properties. Select Fill and then Uniform Fill, and select a colour for the desk. If it does not change colour, then click Apply
20. Use the Ellipse tool to draw the circle (diameter 25) representing a chair. Make the diameter 40 then change both of the Object Size(s) on the Properties bar from 40 to 25. Use the Object Properties in the Docker area to fill the circle with a Radial Fountain Fill.
21. Draw a rectangle for the carpet. Fill the carpet with a pattern by choosing the correct pattern in the Object Properties area and editing it via the Advanced option to make the Width and Height 1.0". Also set the Front and Back colours to orange and yellow.
22. Use the Interactive Distortion tool (this is on the Interactive Tools fly–out) and choose Presets | Zipper 1 from the Property bar on the top left. Change the Zipper Distortion Frequency and use the Random Distortion icon to create the fraying.
23. Save the drawing to H:/ALC10/UNIT3
Save this Drawing in your Unit 3 Folder as "room1.cdr"
Try and reproduce the picture above using the following hints:
1. To move any object, click and drag it to the desired position
2. To move the desk and chair together, first group them. To do this, click the Pick tool, select one object, then hold down the shift key and select the other object. Then right click inside one of the objects and choose Group.
3. Click twice on an object so that the “circular” arrows appear at the corners and then click and drag on a “circular” arrow to rotate. Hold down the Control key whilst rotating to constrain the angle of rotation to fixed increments.
Save this Drawing in your Unit 3 Folder as "room2.cdr"
1. Start a new drawing File | New.
2. Change the page size to 300 mms x 200 mms and the orientation to Landscape. Set the grid spacing to 5 mms and set Snap to Grid.
3. Draw the earth and group it together.
4. Select the earth and change the size to 140 mms x 140 mms. Change Object Position boxes to 150 mms, 80 mms so that the earth is now near the centre of the page, towards the bottom.
5. To create the sun, click the Polygon tool (in Grid). On the Properties bar, change the value for the Number of Points to 16. Drag out a polygon, using the Ctrl key as well to force equal sides for the polygon.
6. Change the size to 130 mms x 130 mms and the position of the centre to (15,80). Keep the sun selected and select the Shape tool. Move the cursor to the top node at (15,145) so that the cursor now looks like a small arrow with a plus sign. Drag that point to the point (15,100). Use Uniform Fill and fill with Deep Yellow then do the outline in Light Yellow and thicken it slightly.
7. Find the Knife tool (on the Shape Edit flyout). This can be used to break the sun into two pieces. Click on the most northern point (the knife changes shape) and then move the knife (don’t drag it) to the most southern point and click there. This breaks the sun into two pieces. Remove the left half of the sun.
Create the Moon
8. Click the Ellipse tool and drag out a long thin ellipse (about 30 mms x 130 mms in size). Position it at (270,80).
9. Select the Shape tool. Right–click the node at the starting point and click Convert to Curves. You should now see four nodes on the ellipse. Notice that when you move towards a node the cursor becomes a small arrow with a plus sign. Still using the Shape tool, we can add more nodes to the curves and then manipulate the nodes to get the required shape.
10. Click the centre–left node and, from the Property bar, click Add Nodes. A new node appears. If this is on the bottom left quadrant, then, in order to add one on the top left quadrant, click the top node. Otherwise, click the bottom node to add a new node to the bottom left quadrant. You should now have 6 nodes altogether on the ellipse.
11. Click one node and try moving it around. Manipulate the other nodes to get the required shape. If you wish, you can add more nodes.
12. When finished, fill it with a chalky colour and then make the outline thick.
Create the Text on a Curve
13. To draw the curve for the Text path, click the Bezier tool.
14. Move to the point (10,140) and then click and hold down the mouse button whilst you drag to the point (150,190). Release the mouse button and move to the point (290,140) then click. A curve appears.
15. Click the Text tool. Change the font to whatever you like and the font size to about 32. Click near the start of the curve that you have just created.
16. Type the text Department of Planetary Studies. If it does not fill the path, then you can drag round all the text so that it is selected and then change the font size. When you have finished, deselect the text and then select the Bezier curve and delete it.
17. Note that you have some white space at the top, which you do not need. Select all the objects (by clicking the Pick tool and drawing a big enclosing rectangle) and then reduce the page size to 300 mms x 185 mms. Use the Arrow keys to move the objects so they are now within the new page limits.
18. Save the logo in a new file on your H: drive. Call it planets.cdr
Using the Powerclip Tool
The following two steps show you how to use the Powerclip facility. This is a way of arranging objects that lets you contain one object inside another.
19. Use the Pick tool to pick the text, click the menu item Text | Format Text and change the font to one that is thick. You will probably need to change the font size.
20. Select all three planets (use the Shift key for multi-selections). First, click Edit | Copy and then Edit | Paste to make a copy of the planets. Keep them selected. Click the menu item Effects | Powerclip | Place Inside Container. When a large arrow appears, point to the text.
21. Save the logo in a new file on your H: drive. Call it planets.cdr
This exercise is intended to give you further practice with using the Bezier and .
1. Open a new file.
2. Click the Bezier tool. To draw the shape of the mouse, click at a starting point. Holding down the mouse button, drag to the next point. Briefly release the mouse button. Click again and drag to next point. Continue until you are near the first point again. Release the mouse button and then move to the first point and click. Don’t worry if the shape so far does not look like a mouse!
3. Click the Shape tool (on the Shape Edit flyout). If you cannot see any nodes, then click on the shape. Click on one of those nodes. Not only does the node itself become highlighted but also the tangent to the shape at that node becomes represented by a straight blue dotted line. You can move the node. You can also change the direction of the tangent by moving one of the line ends. Remember also that you can add / delete nodes to / from the curve by clicking a node on the curve and choosing Add Node or Delete Node on the Property bar.
4. To complete the drawing, fill the mouse first and draw the outline. You need to draw lines to mark off the left and right mouse buttons. Draw an ellipse and rotate it for the mouse wheel. Then draw the cord by using the Bezier tool.
5. Group all the objects together. Add the descriptive text and the arrows.
This is just a simple example to draw an ellipse and to rotate it. You also learn how to colour its outline and fill it with a gradient fill.
1. Open a new File
2. Click the menu item Layout | Page Setup. Change the width to 200.0 mms and the height to 300.0 mms, make sure that it is set in Portrait orientation and then click OK.
3. Click View | Grid and Ruler Setup and click the little box by Snap to Grid. Change the vertical and horizontal frequency to 0.1 and then click OK.
4. If you want to see what the grid looks like, then switch it on by clicking the View | Grid menu item.
5. Make sure that the rulers have been switched on — if they are not present, then click View | Rulers
6. Pick the Ellipse tool on the Toolbox on the left. Draw an ellipse which is 160mms x 260 mms in size. Starting at the point 20,20 and ending at point 180,280.
Next, we want to draw a vertical line through the middle of the ellipse. This enables us to rotate the ellipse so that its axis is roughly along the diagonal of the paper.
7. Use the Freehand tool on Curve flyout to draw the line. The line has to be about 380 mms long. Start the line by clicking at the point 100,340 and finish by clicking at the point 100,-40.
8. Click the Pick tool on the toolbox. The line should have selection handles on it. If it doesn’t, then click the line.
9. Use the Shift key and select the ellipse as well. If you can’t see all the selection handles, then reduce the Zoom. The Zoom levels tool is on the Standard toolbar.
10. You should have one set of selection handles visible. Click the little cross at the centre of the ellipse and the selection handles change so now you are free to rotate the object. Click one of the rotation handles at the top and rotate the object in an anticlockwise direction so that the line is more–or–less aligned with the diagonal axis of the paper. It does not have to be precise since this is intended only as an illustration not a technical CAD drawing.
11. We now want to remove the line. Select the line and press the Delete key. If both objects are removed by this operation, then click Edit | Undo. Click on the area outside the two objects and then reselect the line. Delete it.
12. You should now just have a rotated ellipse on the paper. We want to colour both the outline and the interior of the ellipse.
13. Select the ellipse. To change the outline first, click Outline Color Dialog. This is on the Outline tool flyout. See the section The Toolbox for details. Pick a dark blue for the outline. Also on the Outline tool flyout is the tool for changing the width. Choose the 8–point (medium) width.
14. To change the interior, choose the Fountain Fill tool. Choose Radial for the Type, make sure that Two Colour has been selected for the Colour Blend. Then choose a dark to mid blue for the first colour and a very pale blue for the second colour. When selecting colours, you can choose Other on the Colour dialog box to give you more choice.
15. Still keeping the ellipse selected, click the Interactive Transparency tool. On the Properties bar, change the Transparency type to Uniform from its current value which is None. Move the Starting Transparency slider up and down until you are happy with the results. Also, if the transparency has been applied to the outline as well, then switch the Apply Transparency button to Fill on the Properties bar.
16. To save the current drawing, click File | Save. You need this drawing for the next example. Save it on the H: drive as Ellipseex1.cdr.
If you left CorelDRAW at the end of the last example, then run CorelDRAW again and click Open Graphic. Find the file Ellipseex1.cdr and click Open.
In this example, you are going to install the CD containing clip art from CorelDRAW and import a drawing containing a flower. Then using the Interactive Envelope tool, the flower is going to be reshaped to fit the ellipse.
1. Import an image from clipart. Click somewhere in the ellipse. Enlarge the image by picking a corner selection handle and dragging it outwards.
2. Keeping the image selected, choose the Interactive Envelope Tool. This tool is on the Interactive Edit tool flyout. See The Toolbox for more details on where to find this tool.
The envelope tool allows you to distort the shape of an object. Distortion is created by dragging the nodes on the red dotted box (the envelope) which in turn distorts the object.
3. Try dragging the nodes a short distance at a time and observe the changes in shape. Also, notice that there are two blue dotted lines attached to the node that you are currently dragging. These help to determine the shape of the envelope since they determine the tangent directions of the envelope at each node. Try moving these lines and obtain a similar picture to the one below.
4. Try to obtain the final picture below. You will need to select both objects and then use the Mirror tool on the Properties bar for the Select Tool.